In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States. He defeated Stephen Douglas because of the greater northern population. Southerners were angered by the growing abolitionist movement, and when Lincoln was elected, they feared that their way of life was in jeopardy. South Carolina seceded on December 20, 1860. Within the next two weeks, six other southern states had left the union (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas). Little did people know that a very bloody four year war was to come.
- Abraham Lincoln
- S. Grant
- William T Sherman
- Jefferson Davis
- Robert E Lee
- Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson
Causes Leading to Civil war
- Election of Lincoln
- Discrimination of race
- The abolitionist (people who wanted to stop slavery) movement
- Difference in economy
- Western expansion
Consequences of the Civil War
- Physical Devastation
The American Civil War lasted four years. Measured in physical devastation and human lives, it was the costliest war the American people have experienced. the war killed over 620,000 men and at least that many more had been wounded in a nation of about 35 million.
- Spread of Disease and Sickness
North lost a total of about 364,000 soldiers (nearly one of every four soldiers). Also more than 37,000 black soldiers lost their lives fighting for freedom during the American Civil War. The conditions of the war were so bad more men died of disease and sickness than on the battlefield.
3.Hunger and Homelessness
After the war, over 4 million slaves were freed. They didn’t know what the future had in store for them. With freedom came hunger and homelessness. Some slaves stayed on the plantations, but others went north. Either way, thousands of former slaves were without homes, clothes, food, jobs, and didn’t have any education. The Freedman’s Bureau helped both blacks and whites after the war by providing them with food and medical care.
Effects of the Civil War
The Civil War was one of the most tragic wars in American history. More Americans died then in all other wars combined. Brother fought against brother and the nation was torn apart. In the end, we must look at the important consequences of the conflict. There may be others, but this is a good list to work off.
1) The nation was reunited and the southern states were not allowed to secede. 2) The South was placed under military rule and divided into military districts. Southern states then had to apply for readmission to the Union.
3) The Federal government proved itself supreme over the states.
4) Slavery was effectively ended. While slavery was not officially outlawed until the passage of the 13th amendment, the slaves were set free upon the end of the war.
5) Reconstruction, the plan to rebuild America after the war, began.
6) Industrialism began as a result of the increase in wartime production and the development of new technologies.